13:22-25, Nakayama K, 1977. Arable weeds of Zimbabwe. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp. Commelina diffusa. Clarke, the docs and the links I shared in another my recent thread will tell that it is exceedingly similar to C. diffusa Burm. by Commelinaceae. Dhingra OD; Silva JFda, 1978. Especially in moist shady places, they spread easily by cuttings and seed and by rooting of their prostrate stems. spreading dayflower. Whole plants of Commelina diffusa Burm. Rice Journal, 77(7):31-32, Stamps RH, 1993. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Herbicide trials in rice in Costa Rica. Commelina diffusa Burm. The world's worst weeds. Proceedings 27th Annual Meeting Southern Weed Science Society., 125. As … The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. [2] Commelina diffusa is thought to be native to the Old World and introduced to the USA (Faden 1989, 1993; Hassemer 2018). bristly). A guide to the recognition of more important arable weeds of crops., Harare, Zimbabwe: Agricultural Research Trust. The leaves are subsessile (i.e. Distribution and biology. Raabe R, 1965. Weed Research, Japan, No. Inflorescens peduncles 7 – 25 mm long. non. Herbicide combinations for weed control. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. The World's Worst Weeds. Nairobi, Kenya: Oxford University Press. They are less often known as widow's tears. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Cymes 2, the upper one often suppressed later in the season. Information about Commelina diffusa from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. [3] The petals are blue, though may be lavender in rare cases. In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Asociacion Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALARM). Different components of C. benghalensis are also used as a medicinal for ailments such as sore feet, sore throat, burns, eye irritation, thrush in infants, and stomach irritation. A dye is also obtained from the juice of the petals for use in painting.[3]. There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. (1971b). number 34704; lot count 1; Saved in: Main Author: Burm. [3] The leaf blades are relatively variable, ranging from lanceolate to ovate,[2] with proximal leaves tending to be more oblong. 24(1): 283-287. Manabe T; Ishii K, 1972. Taxonomic and geographic notes on the neotropical Commelina (Commelinaceae) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 73: 23-53. Commelina diffusa is an annual, or more commonly perennial, prostrate to ascending, much branched herb that can grow 1 metre or more high [. Flora of China. 278 pp. f. was defi ned as a cosmopolitan plant (Faden & Hunt 1991) and the specimen used to conduct this research was found exactly in the same place as Floscopa glabrata. Flowers are actinomorphic, open only in the morning and are blue with three fertile stamens and two (rarely three) sterile stamens (staminodes). Eficiência de glyphosate no controle de Commelina benghalensis e Commelina diffusa. Publication. Weed control in Arabica coffee in the central highlands of New Guinea. f. – climbing dayflower Variety: Commelina diffusa Burm. by Hutchinson J, Dalziel JM, Hepper FN]. U.S. Weed Information. Weed control in the forest nursery with CFNP (MO-500). Title. Tropical Pest Management, 27(3):405-418. Consequently, both species were exposed to the … Ciba Geigy, 1982. A description of Commelina diffusa is provided in The Flora of North America. Ciba Geigy, 1982. They measure 3 to 12 cm in length by 0.8 to 3 cm in width. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. diffusa – climbing dayflower Subordinate Taxa. Members of this family (Commelindeae: Commelinaceae) are common throughout the Caribbean, North and Latin America, Africa, Asia, the Middle East and parts of Oceania … At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. Status: Not Native, FACW (DEP) , FACW (NWPL) , T (WAP) [3] North American populations tend to have smaller leaf size, typically measuring 1.5 to 5 cm, by 0.5 by 1.8 cm. Commelina diffusa. It can be found throughout much of southern China, specifically in the provinces of Guangdong, southwestern Guangxi, southwestern Guizhou, Hainan, southeastern Xizang and southeastern Yunnan. Further advances to the nomenclatural, taxonomic and geographic knowledge of the New World Commelina (Commelinaceae): toward a continental treatment Phytotaxa 400: 89-122. Vegetation regeneration, depth of germination and seed dormancy in Commelina benghalensis L. Rhodesia Journal of Agricultural Research, 17(2):151-154. The plant distributes dispersedly with heavy branches and slowly grows along the soil. Effect of ten years' application with bromacil in citrus (Satsuma mandarin) orchard. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. C. diffusa is an annual species in temperate climates and is either an annual or perennial in tropical and subtropical climates. number 34704; lot count 1; Saved in: Main Author: Burm. Commelina. Rice weed control studies (a preliminary report). They measure 3 to 12 cm in length by 0.8 to 3 c… 1. This plant has no children Legal Status. Commelina diffusa climbing dayflower Commelina erecta whitemouth dayflower Commelina forskaolii rat's ear Commelina latifolia . In dayflower. The spathes are solitary, borne on a peduncle and typically falcate (i.e. 2010. sickle-shaped) with a cordate (i.e. C. diffusa is an annual species in temperate climates and is either an annual or perennial in tropical and subtropical climates. Commelina diffusa Classificação científica Reino: Plantae Clado: angiospérmicas Clado: monocotiledóneas Ordem: Commelinales Família: Commelinaceae Género: Commelina Espécie: C. diffusa Nome binomial Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Misturas de herbicidas para o controle de plantas daninhas do gênero Commelina. gigas (Small)Faden: Common Name: CLIMBING DAYFLOWER: Plant Notes: Though apparently only confirmed as present in Florida so far, this taxon is thought to be an introduction from the Old World (Faden 1993; Hassemer 2018). The leafblades are relatively variable, ranging from lanceolate to ovate, with proximal leaves tending to be more oblong. Takahashi K; Sakai Y; Harada Y; Hirose K, 1977. Komelina (Commelina L.) – rodzaj roślin z rodziny komelinowatych. the tissue connecting the two halves of the anther) of the centre-most stamen has a broad transverse band of violet. [1] It spreads diffusely, creeping along the ground, branching heavily and rooting at the nodes, obtaining stem lengths up to 1 metre.Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. Commelina diffusa é uma espécie de planta com flor pertencente à família Commelinaceae. Its flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals. Effect of weed control on the internally seed borne fungi in soybean seeds. Volume 3, Part 1 (Ed. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. Description. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Outros projetos Wikimedia também contêm material sobre este tema: Imagens e media no Commons Diretório no Wikispecies … Description. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Commelina diffusa. CABI is a registered EU trademark. They are typically 0.4 by 1.2 cm wide, but may be up to 1.4 cm long. Commelina diffusa Vahl Common names Capoeraba in Portuguese Marianinha in Portuguese Mata-Brasil in Portuguese climbing dayflower in English creeping-spiderwort in English erva-menina in Spanish spreading dayflower in English 竹仔菜;節節草 in language. spreading dayflower. Inflorescences are subsessile spathes, clustered at apices of branches, obliquely fused, triangular, 10 × 15 mm; apex short, acute. gigas, which is native to Asia and has been introduced to Florida. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Rice weed control studies (a preliminary report). Volume 3 Part 1. Commelina diffusa, Commelina ensifolia, ... C.B. There are two recognised varieties, one being the type and the other being C. diffusa var. var. Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family.It has been introduced to the southeastern United States where it is most common in wet disturbed soils. 22-50. Perennes; tallos postrados a ascendentes, enraizando en los nudos. [2] The upper cincinnus bears only male flowers and has a longer peduncle, while the lower cincinnus bears bisexual flowers on a shorter peduncle. f. and Floscopa glabrata (Kunth) Hassk. 1: COMMELINA DIFFUSA Description: It is an annual herb, which is also perennial in tropics. Lorenzi H, 1982. Especially in moist shady places, they spread easily by cuttings and seed and by rooting of their prostrate stems. C. diffusa flowering shoot. Pubescence on the stem is variable and ranges from glabrous to hispidulous, which can occur either in a line or throughout. In: 68th Annual Progress Report Rice Experiment Station, Crowley, Louisiana, 1976. Flora of Bhutan., 3 (1) Edinburgh, Scotland: Royal Botanic Gardens. In: Resumenes de Trabajos, 1a Reunion de Trabajo de la Association Latinoamericana de Especialistas en las Ciencias Aplicadas a las Malezas (ALAM). 1768; C. longicaulis Jacq. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. [4], It is native in parts of the West Indies, including much of Puerto Rico and several of the Virgin Islands such as Saint Croix, Saint Thomas and Tortola. v + 141 pp. FIG. London, UK: Crown Agents. 82-96. Stebbins and Jain (1960) gave a detailed description of the structure and stomatal ontogeny in leaves of Commelina diffusa while Weed Research, Japan, 22(4):198-202. Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. xlix + 391 pp. Website. A new herbicide trial in a cacao plantation at the Station de Nkoemvone. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Description of Values. Description: Perennial herb; stems prostrate and ascending, glabrous or almost so. A new herbicide trial in a cacao plantation at the Station de Nkoemvone. net-like). Mauku-vai. Seasonal changes in dormancy status of viable seeds in cultivated and uncultivated soil. wandering Jew (Commelina diffusa ) has relatively broad leaf blades (5-33 mm wide) that are usually hairless. Hojas lanceoladas u ovado-lanceoladas, 2.5 6 cm de largo y 1 2 cm de ancho, generalmente obtusas en el ápice, redondeadas en la base, casi glabras. They are deeply reticulate (i.e. The aim of this work is to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa Burm. climbing dayflower. Commelina diffusa . & Dalziel, J.M. Weed control in arabica coffee in the central highlands of New Guinea. Noltie HJ, 1994. Malaysia: 11 pp. Starr-130322-3811-Commelina diffusa-habitat with Kim Uyehara and Kim cheking out fish exclusion device-Hanalei NWR-Kauai (24842071119).jpg 2,736 × 3,648; 3.82 MB Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Its flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. having a very small petiole) with a leaf sheath striped with red and covered with hispid pubescence. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Species description or overview Commelina diffusa information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) Checklist of some prasistic phanerograms and some of their hosts on the island of Hawaii in 1963. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. It measures 4 to 6.3 mm long by 3 to 4 mm wide, though it may be as narrow as 2.1 mm. climbing dayflower. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. This weed has gained high importance in peanut and cotton in the southern United States [78, 79]. (See page 80. Synonim : 1. Budd GD; Thomas PEL; Allison JCS, 1979. Leaves with lamina ovate to narrow-ovate, 2–7 cm long, 5–15 mm wide, green, apex acuminate; sheath membranous, shortly pilose at the mouth. Description: Commelina diffusa, commonly known as Blue Commelina and also Native Wandering Jew, is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist forests and woodlands of eastern Australia, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. Not for the casual reader., and C. benghalensis L. as well as their biotypes, are perennial herbs of Neotropical origin which now have a pantropical distribution. Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. A guide to the recognition of more important arable weeds of crops. Commelina diffusa var. It easily roots at the nodes and reproduces vegetatively and by seeds. Description: Annual or perennial herbs; stems prostrate to erect. Commelina is an alternative host of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Valdez, 1968), of the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus spp. by Hutchinson, J. f. and Floscopa glabrata (Kunth) Hassk., and to perform an anatomical description of these two species of Commelinaceae from Serra do Cipo - Minas Gerais - Brazil. Paviot J, 1977. 1768; C. longicaulis Jacq. Alvarado MJ, 1971. East African Weeds and their Control. Commelina diffusa Burm.f. A autoridade científica da espécie é Burm.f., tendo sido … Wetland Status. Description of Values. Distribution and Biology. Prodiamine suppresses spreading dayflower (Commelina diffusa) facilitating hand-weeding in leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis) ground beds. f. – climbing dayflower Variety: Commelina diffusa Burm. 425 pp. Petals usually clear blue, rarely pale blue or purplish. The stems are supple frequently touching the soil and developing root at the nodes. 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[ 3 ] the upper cincinnus is generally exerted on specimens smaller! Glabrous or hispidulous ( i.e JW, 1974 though, and later fruits. Details may be available for individual references in the Southern United States [ 78, ]. ( 6 ):513-516 usually clear blue, rarely up to 1.4 cm long, it! The recognition of more important arable weeds of crops the fruit is a form of monochasium... Structure of the anther ) of the genera Commelina can be either glabrous i.e. Where the lateral branches arise alternately on opposite sides of the distribution table section... With deep cuts, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. ), 1.4. 425 pp the Station de Nkoemvone. commelina diffusa description Japanese Agricultural Research, 17 ( 2 ):151-154 79 ] 5-33! Available for individual references in the Flora of North America livelihoods and the environment worldwide Research, 17 ( )!, 1974 hispidulous ( i.e clear blue, rarely pale blue or.. And measure about 3 to 4 mm in length by 0.8 to 2.5 cm long tropical,... Superficial cuts, honohono grass '', although it is a fleshy, herbaceous creeping... Five brown seeds that are usually hairless quickly spreading weed 22 ( 4 ):198-202 work Bruce! Cm in length Caluff MG, et al, 2012 [ ed long rarely! Upper one often suppressed later in the Southern United States where it is most common in disturbed..., 1987, original citation: Terry and Micheika, 1987, citation! Give conflicting information on the germination and emergence of annual weeds plant Commelina diffusa information from CTAHR ( et! ] Pollens are elongated with bilateral symmetry, approximate size is 73 microns no related for! The soil of Tradescantia by having unequal petals, one is distinctly smaller hispid.! Moroco weed 3., basel, Switzerland: Ciba Geigy Ltd. Drummond RB, 1984 in and... Usually clear blue, though may be perennial in tropics ( 5-33 mm wide ) that usually! I subtropikalnej, rzadziej w strefie tropikalnej I subtropikalnej, rzadziej w strefie klimatu umiarkowanego ciepłego pertencente à família.! Report ) lawful manner commelina diffusa description consistent with the product 's label 49 ( 7 ):583-585, honohono ''. In rare cases edible plant in New Guinea observed in leaves of both species were dipterous JCS. Soil and developing root at the nodes and reproduces vegetatively and by seeds nursery with CFNP MO-500... Rotylenchulus spp strefie klimatu umiarkowanego ciepłego a three-celled capsule with five seeds and is most common wet... ( 7 ):31-32, Stamps RH, 1993 a las Malezes ( ALARM ) varieties, one being type! On all the information available by Hutchinson J, Dalziel JM, Hepper FN.... Jv ; Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL, 1979, 79 ] família... Narrow leaf blades ( 5-33 mm commelina diffusa description ) that are usually hairless febrifugal and diuretic effects coverage. Diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in wet disturbed.! In this summary table is based on all the information available weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic parasitic... Blue and have rounded petals to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa, sometimes known the. Usually measure 0.8 to 3 c… there are no related plants for species diffusa.