[39][40], Fewer than 65 native fish species occur in the lake basin, but more than half of these are endemic. Spring ice melt underway on Lake Baikal, on 4 May: Notice the ice-covered north, while much of the south is already ice-free. Lake Baikal is nicknamed "Older sister of Sister Lakes (Lake Khövsgöl and Lake Baikal)".[120]. ; and Väinölä, R. (2011). Baikal was also declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1996. Nerchinsk was destroyed by the local Tungus, but restored in 1658. Lake Baikal is also the world's largest freshwater lake in terms of volume. A popular resort in Listvyanka is home to the seven-story Hotel Mayak. Circle of thin ice, diameter of 4.4 km (2.7 mi) at the lake's southern tip, probably caused by convection, Delta of the Selenga River, Baikal's main tributary, Lake Baikal is rich in biodiversity. The most popular places to stay by the lake are Listvyanka village, Olkhon Island, Kotelnikovsky cape, Baykalskiy Priboi, resort Khakusy and Turka village. At times during winter freezes, the lake could be crossed on foot, though at risk of frostbite and deadly hypothermia from the cold wind moving unobstructed across flat expanses of ice. [69] Most sponges in the lake are typically green when alive because of symbiotic chlorophytes (zoochlorella), but can also be brownish or yellowish. During the winter and spring, the surface freezes for about 4–5 months; from early January to early May–June (latest in the north), the lake surface is covered in ice. The lake is divided into three basins: North, Central, and South, with depths about 900 m (3,000 ft), 1,600 m (5,200 ft), and 1,400 m (4,600 ft), respectively. The marsh thistle (Cirsium palustre) is found here at the eastern limit of its geographic range. [8] It is among the world's clearest[9] lakes and is the world's oldest lake,[10] at 25–30 million years. [25][32] More than 80% of the animals are endemic. [citation needed], The Trans-Siberian Railway was built between 1896 and 1902. This body of water is both the largest and deepest lake in the world and measures 1,642 metres deep, while it contains around 20% of the unfrozen fresh surface water in the world. UNESCO declared Lake Baikal a World Heritage Site in 1996.[16]. Lake Ontario, one of the world's five Great Lakes, weaves over state and country borders, delighting Americans, Canadians, and visiting tourists with its deep, clear, clean waters. It is the world’s largest freshwater lake by volume. Lake Matano (Danau Matano in Bahasa Indonesia) also known as Matana Lake; is the deepest lake in Indonesia and the number 10 deepest lake in the world. Природа. The lake became the site of the minor engagement between the Czechoslovak legion and the Red Army in 1918. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Lowest lake in the world (4,3) crossword clue. What's the Difference Between a Solstice and an Equinox? [54] These conspicuous and common amphipods are essentially carnivores (will also take detritus), and can reach a body length up to 7 cm (2.8 in). Lake Baikal is the only confined freshwater lake in which direct and indirect evidence of gas hydrates exists.[20][21][22]. In addition, transverse winds blow locally and over shorter distances. Lake Vostok, in Antarctica, is unique among the lakes on this list in that it is buried under nearly 2.5 miles (4 km) of ice. Krainov, J.W. Thus they account for the sterility of Daouria, where it is said "no corn will grow."[121]. [citation needed] An ice route around Olkhon is around 200 km. A wide range of land mammals can be found in the habitats around the lake, such as Eurasian brown bear, Eurasian wolf, red fox, sable, stoat, elk, Siberian red deer, reindeer, Siberian roe deer, Siberian musk deer, wild boar, red squirrel, Siberian chipmunk, marmot, lemming, and Alpine hare. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is the deepest lake in the world, at 1,642 metres. To this day, the strait between the western shore of the Lake and the Olkhon Island is called Maloye More (Малое море), i.e. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world (by volume) and the world's deepest lake. Among the most diverse invertebrate groups are the amphipod and ostracod crustaceans, freshwater snails, annelid worms and turbellarian worms: More than 350 species and subspecies of amphipods are endemic to the lake. The plant bleached paper using chlorine and discharged waste directly into Lake Baikal. Lake Baikal – Siberia, Russia This lake, hailed as the “Pearl of Siberia” claims to be the undisputed monarch of a host of glories. It is drained through a single outlet, the Angara. [60] Bivalve diversity is lower with more than 30 species; about half of these, all in the families Euglesidae, Pisidiidae, and Sphaeriidae, are endemic (the only other family in the lake is the Unionidae with a single nonendemic species). Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Consolidated Research Group on Marine Geosciences (CRG-MG), University of Barcelona, Spain; Limnological Institute of the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russian Federation; State Science Research Navigation-Hydrographic Institute of the Ministry of Defense, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation", "On the present state of the ecological system of lake Baikal", "Diel vertical migration of zooplankton in Lake Baikal and its relationship to body size", "Lake Baikal – A Touchstone for Global Change and Rift Studies", "Lake Baikal – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Lake Baikal: Protection of a unique ecosystem", "Waders of the Selenga delta, Lake Baikal, eastern Siberia", "Sublacustrine mud volcanoes and methane seeps caused by dissociation of gas hydrates in Lake Baikal", 10.1130/0091-7613(2002)030<0631:SMVAMS>2.0.CO;2, "Lake Baikal: the great blue eye of Siberia", "Structure of epiphyton communities on Lake Baikal submerged macrophytes", European bison in Russia – past, present and future, "Животный мир Байкала. 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