An Explanation of the Various Types of Varnish and Stains – What They do and When to Use Them Understand the difference between a stain and a varnish and when you should use them to get the finish you are looking for. Lighten dark areas by rubbing them lightly with a rag dampened with paint thinner. Mahogany, for example, can be made using burnt sienna and maroon oil stain to the varnish. Keep a tweezers handy when you're applying any type of finish. disposable roller and a nonstick, lipped baking sheet. Semi-transparent oil stains excel here because you can apply several coats and achieve good wood protection without hiding the natural texture and grain. Forget brushes when it comes to varnishing a ton of trim or big, flat areas like tabletops and cabinets. Adding a fresh coat of stain can really bring out the beauty in a wooden staircase. How to Apply Wood Finish on Stairs. Hmm, I would say neither. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Adding too much thinner could make the stain less effective and even useless, or lighten it too much. Certain specific stain products are compatible with varnishes such as TotalBoat Lust or TotalBoat Gleam 2.0 and can be used, but it is not the preferred method of adding a stain. To stain, suspend a spindle in the pipe and fill the pipe until the spindle is submerged. Toning varnishes can be bought premixed or made as needed by mixing oil stain with an oil/alkyd varnish. You've now ensured a pristine surface for perfect results with oil-based (not water-based) finishes. Mahogany, for example, can be made using burnt sienna and maroon oil stain to the varnish. It can separate while drying and destroy your finish. How to Finish Wood. The old varnish / clear coat will need to be cleaned and dulled first. Minwax makes a line of toning “varnishes” called “Polyshades” which are shaded polyurethane finishes. Check out this speedy method for staining a whole staircase's worth of spindles. Make a few PVC sanders in various diameters and you'll find yourself using them for all kinds of filing, sculpting and intricate fitting jobs. A quick guide to wood finishes - what to use, and when to use them. Lacquer stains use ultra-fast drying binders plus solvents. Step 3. Like varnish, stain allows the wood grain to show through, so it is a good idea to make sure the grain looks as nice as possible before you begin. While stain and varnish are often believed to be the same thing, they’re really two different products with… Wood stain and varnish are both great tools for revitalizing your fence. If you have a little air left in the bottle when it's collapsed, drop in some marbles to raise the oil level to the base of the bottle's neck before tightening the lid. The trick is to “tip off” the wet varnish by lightly dragging the tips of unloaded bristles over it while holding the brush at a steep angle. As varnish dries and ‘cures’, a chemical reaction called polymerisation occurs. The varnish should always look translucent. ANTIQUE PINE 500 ml. Continue adding stain a little at a time and stirring until you are satisfied with the tone. You can dispose of the residue by letting it dry, then throwing away the can. DIY . The varnish … That'll always leave a mark. A number of wipe-on poly finishes are available at home centers, paint stores and woodworking suppliers. What is Varnish? Copyright © Brush on the varnish in the direction of the grain only. Follow up with a Swiffer Sweeper cloth (sold at grocery stores) to wipe away any specks of dust or steel wool.