Monday through Friday Share your videos with friends, family, and the world. Learn more about our permissions policy and submit your request online. Identifying similarities and differences is the process of comparing information, sorting concepts into categories, and making connections to one's existing knowledge. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. The second edition of Classroom Instruction That Works presents four strategies in this category and defines them as follows: Comparing is the process of identifying similarities between or among things or ideas. Increased clarity will improve efforts to address harmful norms and practices. There are four strategies in the Identifying Similarities and Differences category: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies. Question/Answer/Relationship. purchase this book in the ASCD Online Store. Fill in the table, identifying similarities and differences between passive transport and active transport. Classifying Organizer. For example, students compare things that are similar and Explain how the items are similar and different with respect to the characteristics you selected Click here to view a Venn Diagram. They are comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and … Comparing Frame. Seed to Bear (2010) by Jody Digger on Flickr. STEP 2: Identifying and articulating similarities and differences among items Select the items you want to compare. This diagram can be used to identifying similarities or differences in all different context areas and concepts. Research compiled by Marzano and others indicate there are four processes that identify how items, events, processes, or concepts are similar and different. 4. In this fifth issue I will review another of the Marzano 9: Identifying Similarities and The class will discuss the characteristics that are the same in the two characters are “similarities” and the ones that are different are differences. As an instructional strategy, it includes various activities that help learners see patterns and make connections. Frayer Model. Similarities And Differences - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Chapter 2 Identifying similarities and differences: As I was reading this chapter I was reflecting on my teaching practices in regard with the diverse strategies presented in this book and the different opportunities that I have used them in my classroom. All rights reserved. Identifying Similarities and Differences Seeing similarities and differences is a fundamental cognitive process (Gentner & Markman, 1994; Medin, Goldstone, & Markman, 1995). T-Chart. Copyright © 2012 by McREL. Identify and provide students with a list of vocabulary words 3. Identifying similarities and differences can be accomplished in a variety of ways: describing, classifying, comparing, c.ontrasting creating analogies and metaphors. Click here to share additional tools that can be used with this strategy. No part of this publication—including the drawings, graphs, illustrations, or chapters, except for brief quotations in Some ways to help students with this core strategy include finding metaphors and analogies and classifying ideas or objects based on the characteristics or features. 3. -Handout diagrams to every student and … We ask, "Is this like that?" As a result, many people consider these strategies to be the core of all learning (e.g., Bransford et al., 2000; Chen, 1999; Fuchs et al., 2006; Gentner, Loewenstein, & Thompson, 2003; Holyoak, 2005). Below is a list of iPad applications that can be used to support the four processes explained above. 1. This increases the likelihood that we will make connections to the schema when we encounter more new information, and we will thus be able to make sense of that information. Teachers can either directly present similarities and differences, accompanied by deep discussion and inquiry, or simply ask students to identify similarities and differences on their own. In this issue of Teen Bible Study Guide, we will discuss how the world’s predominant religious beliefs are compared to the United Church of God fundamental beliefs. Passive Transport Active Transport What drives the movement of the molecules across the plasma membrane? All that is needed is the Venn Diagram chart. Comparing Organizer. While teacher-directed activities focus on identifying specific items, student directed activities encourage variation and broaden understanding,. Have the students write one of the words on each of the index cards or paper 4. For example, while all cultures have language, analysis of particular language structures and conversational etiquette reveal tremendous differences. MISSION: ASCD empowers educators to achieve excellence in learning, teaching, and leading so that every child is healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged. Students will return to their seat and read through the text on their own. The term contrasting refers to the process of identifying differences; most educators use the term comparing to refer to both. In some Middle Eastern cultures, it is common to stand close to others in conversation. Assess the diagrams, discuss similarities and differences, and adjust your diagram with helpful ideas from your partner. They will use the worksheet to note the similarities and differences between the two characters. This strategy can be done as a class, small groups, or by individual students. Teachers are most comfortable engaging their students in activities that require comparing and classifying. Similarities and Differences Between Online and Traditional Learning More and more students are transitioning from a traditional classroom to an online learning environment. Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback, Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition. As an instructional strategy, it includes various activities that help learners see patterns and make connections. Those religions are: (1) Hinduism; (2) Buddhism; (3) Islam; (4) Christianity; and (5) Judaism. Identifying similarities and differences helps learners gain insight, draw inferences, make generalizations, and develop or refine schemas (Holyoak, 2005). Sketch to Stretch A section of the Curriculum Connection will be devoted to a review of a particular research based strategy. All of these are excellent vehicles for language development. Build your understanding with self-testing 2. including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from ASCD. Similarities And Differences Marzano Free Sign Ell Different School Stuff Presentation Teaching Education. (Marzano, et al. Despite how much humans have in common, cultural differences are far more prevalent than cultural universals. Key experiences for babies and toddlers-Object exploration . Venn Diagram. Research compiled by Marzano and others indicate there are four processes that identify how items, events, processes, or concepts are similar and different. 4. Identifying Similarities and Differences. In this article, we review similarities and differences between social and gender norms, reviewing the history of the concepts and identifying key tension points of contrast. Seed to Bear (2010) by Jody Digger on Flickr. 4) Cues/Questions/Advance Organizers; 5) Non-Linguistic Representations; 6) Summarizing and Note-Taking; 7) Assigning Homework and Practice; 8) Identifying Similarities and Differences; 9) Generating and Testing Hypothesis Saved by Daisy Diaz. Phone Layers of Scaffolding Teacher Student Directed- Directed- Explicit Independently Guidance Identifying Sorting Sorting Rule Rule Self- Provided Generated Identifying Similarities & Differences This book is not a member benefit, but sample chapters have been selected for your perusal. Afterwards, as a class we will discuss the similarities and differences between the two topics. Students will need guidance in identifying similarities and differences, as well as the ability to practice both independently and in small groups to enhance understanding and their ability to use this practice. 1703 North Beauregard St. According to research cited by the authors of Classroom Instruction That Works, students achieve percentile gains of up to 46 percent as a result of developing proficiency in identifying similarities and differences. The differences will be written in the left or right side. critical reviews or articles—may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, That’s powerful evidence in support of finding effective strategies for teaching students about similarities and differences. 1703 North Beauregard St. There are five major religious faiths in the world today. Comparing and classifying are the strategies I use the most in class. These strategies help move students from existing knowledge to new knowledge, from the concrete to the abstract, and from separate to connected ideas. They both practiced and participated in human sacrifices. Foldables. To read further, purchase this book in the ASCD Online Store. The power of this category to increase the probability of positively affecting student achievement lies in the use of all four, especially creating metaphors and analogies. Analogy Organizer . Do the molecules move with or against the concentration gradient? 5. Similarities Religion: Both the Incas and Aztecs believed in and worshipped the sun god. Research indicates that the this strategy is most effective if it follows an instructional sequence that links prior knowledge to new knowledge. Assignment #2: Complete the 4 part assignment format as you read, reflect, and respond to Chapter 2 – Identifying Similarities and Differences. 2001) Do you have any suggestions to share? The Incas and Aztecs had a "In fall 2013, there were 5,522,194 students enrolled in any distance education courses … Help babies and toddlers identify similarities and differences among the objects that surround them. Graphic Organizers for Identifying Similarities and Differences. Research Based Instructional Strategies: Identifying Similarities and Differences The OIP calls for the use of research based instructional strate-gies. Simply put, identifying similarities and differences helps us make sense of the world. There are four strategies in the Identifying Similarities and Differences category: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies. Marzano’s Nine Essential Instructional Strategies. 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. In their book Classroom Instruction That Works, Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, and Jane Pollock present four “forms” of identifying similarities and differences: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies.For each form, we’ve provided an overview and links to related content and tips for classroom instruction. In addition, when students are presented with appropriately arranged contrasts, they are likely to notice new features they hadn't noticed before and learn which of those features are relevant to a particular concept (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, 2000). Other Strategies for Identifying Similarities and Differences. Identifying Similarities and Differences. ASCD respects intellectual property rights and adheres to the laws governing them. 3. Identifying similarities and differences among the cultural beliefs of the patient, health care agency, and nurse 4. Identifying Similarities and Differences Seeing similarities and differences is a fundamental cognitive process (Gentner & Markman, 1994; Medin, Goldstone, & Markman, 1995). When you are faced with a new situation, the first thing you do is see how the situation is similar to something you already know and how it is different. Identifying similarities and differences Finding similarities and differences while learning helps students make connections to previous knowledge and retain information better. Identifying similarities and differences is one of nine research-based strategies for increasing student achievement defined by Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, and Jane Pollock in their book Classroom Instruction That Works. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. Similarities and differences. When/Example: Semantic Feature Analysis . Students use what they already know as an anchor for new learning. Affinity Diagram . Teachers are most comfortable engaging their students in activities that require comparing and classifying. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Similarities And Differences. More information... People also love these ideas By answering this question, we enhance our existing mental representation or abstract schema for the information. When/Examples: “It is used to delineate important categories or relationships and depict similarities and disparities between two or more people, things, places or events” (Manoli & Papadopoulou, 349). Select the characteristics of the items on which you want to base your comparison. similarities and differences between the best practices presented in the WHI study and the article you selected. Address Content Frame. After the data has all been placed in the Venn Diagram, the teacher will discuss with the students what are some conclusions or larger statements concerning the similarities and differences of the two terms being compared. Identifying Similarities and Differences: Summarizing and Note-taking: Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition: Homework and Practice: Nonlinguistic Representations: Cooperative Learning. And had built large temples to do the sacrifices in and had built special temples to worship thier god. Subscribe to ASCD Express, our free email newsletter, to have practical, actionable strategies and information delivered to your email inbox twice a month. And adjust your Diagram with helpful ideas from your partner differences, and world... Various activities that require comparing and classifying are the same in the study... Your partner member benefit, but sample chapters have been selected for perusal... 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All cultures have language, analysis of particular language structures and conversational reveal... Process of identifying differences ; most educators use the most in class differences. Of these are excellent vehicles for language development thier god religious faiths the.