Pope Pius XI reigned from 1922, succeeding Pope Benedict XV, and died in 1938, succeeded by Pope Pius XII. Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, who became Pius XI, was born at Desio near Milan, Italy, on May 31, 1857. XI in Latin, Pio XI in Italian; born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti) is the 259th and reigning Pope of the Roman Catholic Church since February 6, 1922, and by the same way, Head of State of the Papal State. At the death of Pope Benedict XV, Ratti was elected Pope on February 6, 1922 and chose the name Pius XI. XI Achille Ratti 6.II.1922 - 10.II.1939. Most sweet Jesus, Redeemer of the human race, look down upon us, humbly prostrate before Thine altar. He supported the Fascist regime with certain qualifications, and in 1929 the government of Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty with the Vatican. After Benedict XV sent him to Silesia as a measure of stopping agitation against Polish Catholics, Ratti was asked to leave the country. ." By Pope Pius XI. Pope Pius XII, as photographed on his 75th birthday (Getty Images) The memo was conspicuously absent from the 11-volume collection published by the Vatican in defense of Pius… Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Log In. Pope Pius XI, born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, was born to the wealthy owner of a silk factory on 31 May 1857 in Desio, Italy.He was ordained to the priesthood at the age of eighteen, at which time he began a long life devoted to study, peacekeeping, and the betterment of societies around the world. Padre Pio Appears in Bilocation to Pope Pius XI By the mid 1920's there was a concerted effort by Padre Pio's enemies, including even his own bishop, to bring his ministry to a halt. While Ratti had hoped to work as an intermediary between Poland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and was even willing to give his life to the cause of peace, Benedict XV forbid the nuncio from entering the USSR. 1,130 check-ins. (December 21, 2020). Rome, Italy. conclave . See more ideas about pope pius xi, pope, catholic. Pius XI (1857-1939) was pope from 1922 to 1939. Still today – and it has been this way for many years – the concordat of 1933, signed by Pope Pius XI, who left Rome so as not to be in the capital when Hitler arrived (does that remind you of something, mutatis mutandis?) Pius XI (1857-1939) was pope from 1922 to 1939. Pope Pius XI, birth name Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, was the 259th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. He had serious breathing problems and could not leave his apartment. Paul VI The following year he became apostolic nuncio in Poland. Foreign relations between Pope Pius XI and Spain were very tense, especially because they occurred within the context of the Spanish Civil War and the period of troubles preceding it. Ratti’s continued interaction with Russians failed to garner him sympathy with Poland. Ratti was ordained as a priest in 1875. In his time at Rome’s Gregorian University, he earned doctorates on the topics of canon law, philosophy and theology. In the process toward sainthood, his cause for canonization was opened on 18 November 1965 by Paul VI during the final session of the Second Vatican Council. Pope Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, reigned from 16 June 1846 to his death in 1878. One of his major hobbies was mountaineering. In pursuance of Vatican policy and with an innate fear of Soviet Marxism, Pius sided with Franco's cause during the Spanish Civil War. Three years later, Ratti would become Prefect. 15 December 1929, Rome by Pope Pius XI: Canonized: 25 October 1970, Vatican City, by Pope Paul VI: Feast: 21 February : Robert Southwell (c. 1561 – 21 February 1595), also Saint Robert Southwell, was an English Roman Catholic priest of the Jesuit Order. Letter: 1922.03.08: Romani Pontificis On the clergy in conclave. Pope Pius XI in photograph taken on December 31, 1929 by Alberto Felici [Wikipedia] Eighty-three years ago this week, Pope Pius XI issued two encyclicals … Dec 20, 1928. In the field of missionary activity, particularly in Africa and Asia, Pius XI set out to rid Roman Catholic missions of their very close identification with various imperial and nationalistic powers. The Pope Pius XI makes a public appearance on the balcony of the Vatican, Italy. Pope Pius XI, born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was the head of the Catholic Church from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939. During his reign the Lateran Treaty between the Vatican and Italy was signed. Pius’s pontificate, like his pre-papal career, was marked by great diplomatic activity, often aided by Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII). Pope Pius XI in photograph taken on December 31, 1929 by Alberto Felici [Wikipedia] Eighty-three years ago this week, Pope Pius XI issued two encyclicals condemning two of … Pope Pius XI’s first act as the pope was the reintroduction of the traditional public blessing from the balcony, Urbiet Orbi ("to the city and to the world"). from the web site of the diocese: from the web site of the diocese Pius XI 259th Pope of the Catholic Church. D. Sewell (2002 edn) Catholics: Britain’s largest minority (London: Penguin), p. 76. Ordained in 1879. He despised the antisemitism that had crept into italy in the late 1930s, declaring it antithetical to the church’s teachings. He was born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti on May 31, 1857 in Desio, near Milan to a merchant family. Motu Proprio: 1922.03.01: For the 3rd centenary of canonization of St. Philip Neri. Pope Pius XI. A financial indemnification was made by the Fascist regime to the Vatican in return for Community See All. 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