Propagation by stem cuttings and seeds. It’s often more logical to buy trays of plants in the spring instead of trying to start them yourself. Most gardeners with a bit of experience can recognize a begonia on sight, but here are few pointers for beginners: The leaves are alternate and usually asymmetrical (they are often ear-shaped or wing-shaped); Female flowers have a winged ovary behind their tepals. How to Water Houseplants This begonia goes fully dormant in the fall. There are several different types of Begonia, all with attractive, colourful flowers. Gently transplant the babies into 3-inch pots. Use those cuttings to propagate your angel wing Begonia. Often the flowers are bi-colored or have fringed margins. Fill a container with a moist well-drained potting mix. Begonia is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae. This plant will produce beautiful pink flowers constantly when taken care of properly. Most are mainly grown for their attractive and often very colorful foliage. They are however considered harder to grow well, especially over time. On the other hand, pelleted seeds are also much more expensive. Originally rex begonias had leaves that were more or less ear-shaped, but there are now varieties with star-shaped and even spiral leaves. However, begonias, even from different continents and with different numbers of chromosomes, will often readily cross, so many plants have traits belonging to two different classes and sections and thus fall through the cracks. Begonias are prone to fungal infections, and bleach kills any lurkers. How to propagate Begonia from cuttings Water propagation If you���ve decided to take stem cuttings from your Begonia, propagation will be an absolute breeze. The resulting hybrid species is called B. x rex-cultorum. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work in the garden. stems and placing them in a juice glass with an inch of water. Most are fairly compact plants (but there are also varieties with very large leaves), often with round or star-shaped foliage. Active Interest Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2020. You could also put your leaf cuttings in an east window as long as the temperature stays consistently warm. May 20, 2015 - Boost your stock of beautiful begonias by propagating from leaf cuttings, with our step by step project, from the experts at BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. It usually has three wings. There are dozens of classifications for these begonias (Picotee, Fimbriata, Pendula, Crispa, etc. This subcategory of rhizomatous begonia includes hybrids derived from the long-lost species B. rex crossed with other begonias. No rooting hormone is necessary, but high humidity helps. Although most have creeping rhizomes, some do have upright ones. Lorraine or Christmas Begonia (B. x cheimantha). These begonias are normally grown uniquely for their foliage and little attention is paid to their rather sparse white or pink flowers. They come from a cross between summer-flowering tuberous begonias and the rarely grown winter-flowering species, B. socotrana. How to Propagate Angel Wing Begonia. However, it is commonly used to describe all begonias that have only fibrous roots, therefore neither rhizomes nor tubers. Keep the temperature setting at about 70 degrees. Only male flowers of tuberous begonias have double flowers. Check out our begonia cuttings selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our craft supplies & tools shops. When the plants are 3 inches tall and have at least two leaves, they’re ready to lift. make an interesting focal point for container gardens or patio-pot groupings. A few examples of the variety in Begonia x rex-cultorum. Their foliage is often the main attraction: it often shiny, hairy, purple, red, or dotted with silver. Regular fertilization (during the growing season, of course) will stimulate better bloom, especially for plants grown in pots outdoors and therefore exposed to rain (rain, as wonderful as it may be for plants, has the annoying habit of leaching container soil of all its minerals). The genus contains more than 1,800 different plant species. Its abundant simple flowers are usually pink or white. Alternatively, press an entire leaf flat against the soil and cut its veins with a knife: a baby plant will soon poke out of each cut vein. Expect one or two plants per cut. These begonias are usually produced by seeds and treated as annuals, but you can also multiply them by division or stem cuttings. Although a very few species show some adaptation to temperate climates (B. grandis, for example, is hardy to zone 6b), most are grown as houseplants or as bedding plants, treated, in the latter case, as annuals in cold climates. The flowers are smaller than those of most tuberous begonias, although larger than other begonia types. Give your begonias rich, loose, well-drained soil, moderate watering (only during the growing season, of course) and decent atmospheric humidity (indoors) and you should have no trouble growing them. Expand your houseplant collection with leaf cuttings of Rex, angel wing and other large leafed begonias. Avoid putting a pin through a main leaf vein, or that vein may not root. This group is usually multiplied by stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or division. Ideally, you should cut the plant back at this point and let it rest for 5 or 6 weeks before starting another growing cycle… but hiemalis begonias are notoriously difficult to recuperate at the end of their season, so most gardeners simply buy new plants every year. Cover your container with its dome or plastic wrap. As a result, germination can be poor or irregular and initial growth almost nil. Place the container in about 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) below a fluorescent lamp. Repot and start watering them in March or April, about 1-2 months before its time to plant them out. I’ve cut each vein about an inch from the central vein in the photo above. This begonia goes fully dormant in the fall and starts to grow again in the spring. It blooms annually on the birthday of the country’s late president, Kim Jong-il. Each year the National Garden Bureau declares a “year of” that features four plants: one vegetable, one perennial, one annual, and for the first time in 2016, one bulb. The tuberous begonia ‘Kimjongilia’ is one of North Korea’s floral emblems. The foliage of rex begonias is particularly colorful, coming in all imaginable shades of green, red, silver, purple, brown and pink, often with metallic highlights. Rex begonias are striking known as painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias because of their stunning leaf coloration. The Begonia House at the Montreal Botanical Garden. http://www.gardengatemagazine.com/articles/how-to/divide/how-to-propogate-rex-begonias-from-leaf-cuttings/, How to Root Succulents with Leaf Cuttings, Vintage Urban Garden | 6 Ways to Revive a Late Summer Garden, How to Propagate Rex Begonias from Leaf Cuttings. In general, begonias prefer partial shade and many will tolerate full shade. The plants tend to get wider as they age, but to remain low growing. In the Tropics, they are treated as perennials or small shrubs. The extremely fine seed gives seedlings that are tiny and very fragile at first, and their growth can be slow. How to take begonia leaf cuttings Increase your stock of rex begonias by taking leaf cuttings. Get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden! Simply slip a 3 or 4 inch (8-10 cm) section of stem into damp soil, keep the mix moist and the air humid for a few weeks and you’ll soon have a new plant. Place the container of cuttings in a clear plastic bag. Rhizomatous begonia Begonia heracleifolia nigricans is one of the rare begonias with star-shaped leaves. Turn the leaves upside down, and slice them into wedges with a sharp, clean knife. The most common species in this category is B. dregei, a species with a swollen stem base (caudex) and small white flowers, often used in bonsai. Hybrid Tuberous Begonias (B. x tuberhybrida). My father used to grow this begonia when I was a young child, then it seemed to disappear from the market for decades. A small plant will sprout from the soil after a month or two. With more than 1,700 species, Begonia is the fifth largest genus of flowering plants in the world, with almost an almost pantropical distribution: South and Central America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Start watering more abundantly when the plant shows signs of new growth. How to Make a Kokedama. To be cautious, I always rinse all my supplies (and my hands) in a solution of 1 teaspoon bleach to 1 quart of water. Aug 11, 2019 - BEGONIA PL��NT C��RE, H仂w t仂 Gr仂w 舒nd Pr仂p舒g舒te Beg仂ni舒 Cuttings Beg仂ni舒s typic舒lly gr仂w 1 t仂 2 feet t舒ll 舒nd equ舒lly 舒s wide. Grow them there until they’re big enough to put in the garden or transplant into more permanent pots. The original leaf probably will have torn apart and may have even disintegrated. They can be stored in vermiculite, peat, sawdust, or newspaper or, if you grow them in pots, just pile the pots one on top of the other in a dark corner. These begonias have a rhizome: a usually creeping stem (although some rhizomes are upright) that root in contact with the soil as they grow. Angel Wing Begonia Propagation Don���t throw away the stems you pruned off. It should be wide enough to accommodate a flattened leaf. These elegant plants aren’t hard to propagate. This article will show you the easiest way to propagate a Especially don’t expose tuberous begonia seedlings to short days, as they are long day plants and therefore need days longer than 12 hours in order to bloom. Shop great deals on Begonia Houseplants. You can multiply many begonias (especially rhizomatous begonias, including rex begonias) by leaf cuttings as well. If you grow cane or wing begonias, give this technique a try with them, as well! We looked at the Year of the Carrot earlier in the month. It suddenly came into prominence again around 2007 when the cultivar ‘Bonfire’, with orange-red flowers, very much like the old plants I remembered, was introduced. Also, fertilize occasionally with a soluble fertilizer. Indeed, once flowering is initiated under short days, the plant will continue to flower for 3 to 4 months even under long days, a technique that makes this plant a very good choice for the summer garden. In 7-14 days, sometimes longer, you should see very tiny green leaves appear. Typically begonia authorities divide this group into many subcategories, such cane-like begonias, shrub-like begonias, thick-stemmed begonias and trailing or scandent begonias. The leaves are long and narrow and the flowers have long pointed tepals, giving a tubular flower that hummingbirds love. To make babies from cuttings, start by snipping a few healthy leaves from your favorite begonia. Most have extremely double, extremely large flowers (up to dinner plate size!) Etsy uses cookies and similar technologies to give you a better experience, enabling things like: You can also prolong their life by moving them indoors in the fall to serve as houseplants. ), but you don’t need to know how to classify them in order to grow them! The very popular ‘NonStop’ series, used extensively in flowerbeds worldwide, belongs to the Multiflora division, famous for flowers that are somewhat smaller that most other tuberous begonias (although much larger than those of other types of begonia), but as the name suggest, are produced profusely through the entire summer. If you prefer to try rooting cuttings in soil, you may get a stronger young begonia plant. Taking leaf cuttings is an easy way to propagate your plants and increase their numbers. These cuts (and the stem cut) are where the new plantlets will form. Some species branch abundantly, others tend to produce few ramifications, even when you pinch them. Traditionally the tuber is dug up after the leaves are killed by frost, then kept dry and fairly cool during the winter. How to Propagate a Rex Begonia Leaf. Begonia ‘Dragon Wing Red’ falls between the cracks: it behaves and is used like a wax begonia, but has leaves like an angel wing begonia. and come in a variety of colors: pink, red, yellow, purple, white, orange, etc. Also try propagation using stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or by starting begonias from seed. Propagation is by stem cuttings… but as with the hiemalis begonia, it is not easy to maintain this plant from one year to the next. Fibrous-rooted begonias can be short to tall and may be grown for their foliage or their flowers. Fibrous-rooted begonias are usually multiplied by stem cuttings or by division. Begonia flowers are monoecious (male and female flowers appear separately but on the same plant). Maintenance and multiplication is exactly like hybrid tuberous begonias and it fact, it is one of the parent species of this group. Keep your leaf cutting near 70 degrees and give it plenty of humidity. Or continue to grow them indoors if you want to use them as houseplants. The flowers tend to be small and usually pink, red or white, rarely orange. Leave them in place until they start to get in the way. They are usually double and come in almost every color except blue. It can be a tattered, older leaf, but on the underside, the main veins should be plump and undamaged. Multiplication: seed and stem cuttings. Angel wing begonias (Begonia spp.) have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. The flowers are usually pink or white and tend to bloom during the winter, since most require short days in order to bloom. Spray the container with warm water and put the seed container in a clear plastic bag or inside a mini-greenhouse. If you have a heat mat for seedlings, that will help the begonia leaf cuttings get off to a faster start. Turn the begonia leaf back over and press it into the seed-starting mix. This category is traditionally divided into 2 parts: rhizamotous begonias per se (a sort of holdall category) and rex begonias. The show is spectacular, but don’t miss your flight, as it lasts only three and a half days. A few stones may help keep the begonia leaf from curling up and away from the mix, as well. The Begonias are native to moist subtropical and tropical climates. Most begonia seeds sold today are pelleted seeds, making them easier to handle. Fibrous begonia ‘Lucerna’: a popular hand-me-down houseplant. One gram of begonia seeds can produce up to 100,000 seedlings! Nearly 15,000 hybrids of these popular plants exist. Begonia Propagation from Stem Cuttings My mother, bless her, could root just about anything by cutting 4-inch (10 cm.) When outdoor temperatures remain above 50˚F (10˚C), acclimate the seedlings to garden conditions and transplant them, preferably into partial shade. Thin out 3-inch-tall stems from a begonia plant by cutting the stems at the base. Wax begonia cutting, NOT rooted. I mist mine daily and water the soil once a week. The stems may be upright or drooping, the latter often used in hanging baskets. Just select a healthy leaf. Seal the bag and place the container in a sunny Propagation is by stem cuttings… but you may struggle trying to keep the cuttings alive. Insert the stems into the moist vermiculite. In fact, if tuberous begonia seedlings are exposed to short days, that will stimulate tuber formation and put an end to their growth for the season, long before they have time to bloom.. Pelleted seeds on the left, natural begonia seeds on the right. Now let’s look at this year’s annual, the begonia. 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