question. The community healing approach considers social context critical for the healing process. In cultures reliant on the Western biomedical approach, candidates must past entry exams and academic courses to become specialists. question. A) emotionalistic disease theory: B) personalistic disease theory: C) naturalistic disease theory: D) gradualistic disease theory: E) parasitic disease theory disease theory systems. “Culture-Bound Syndromes: Amok.” In Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology, edited by Yo Jackson, p. 132. Emotionalistic disease theory: Illness is due to a negative emotional e… Anthropologists George Foster and Barbara Anderson, who together with Khwaja Hassan established the field of medical anthropology, identified three disease theory systemsthat explain illness: 1. Caused by a sudden shock, e.g., death of a loved one, or fright, the individual enters a dissociative, highly suggestible state where they readily follow the commands of others. Payment is generally expected for services rendered. 14. Eastern medicine relates its cause to an imbalance between yin (negative force) and yang (positive force) or between ki (vital energy) and hwa (illness with properties of fire). Food and drugs are used to offset these imbalances. Witiko is a culture-bound syndrome found among indigenous peoples of Canada. Some would classify it as part of applied anthropology, the fifth (often overlooked) anthropological sub-discipline. Which of the following statements about curers is not true? that explain illness: Personalistic disease theory: Illness is due to the action of an agent such as a witch, sorcerer, or supernatural entity, e.g., ancestor spirit or ghost. (Hint, natural healer)-Western and non-Western forms of medicine Goes hand in hand… ex Shaman prescribing they go see a western doctor. This page has been accessed 20,473 times. For decades, anthropologists have been studying the interaction of cultural values and norms on health-related issues. After World War II, negative stigmas on alcohol abuse and alcoholism began to shift with the formation of Alcoholics Anonymous or AA, a group focused on healing addicts instead of shunning and punishing them. Medical Anthropology • Health care systems: beliefs, customs, and specialists concerned with preventing and curing illness – Personalistic disease theories: illness caused by sorcerers, witches, ghosts, or ancestral spirits – Naturalistic disease theories: illness explained in impersonal terms – Emotionalistic disease theories: assume that emotional experiences cause illness (e.g., susto) Disease is an objectively measurable pathological condition of the body. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2006. cultural-and-social-anthropology; 0 Answers. “Anorexia.” In The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, edited by Bonnie Strickland, p. 37-38. During this period of enhanced consciousness, healers can heal those in need (Miller 2011). A common goal of development projects is to. Martin, Kimberly. These small organisms, too small to see without magnification, invade humans, other animals, and other living hosts. What constitutes payment is highly variable, from salaries to livestock. “Anthropology, Medical.” In International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. In other health systems community healing or humoral healing are common. Healers must use supernatural means to learn the cause and to help cure illness. By the mid-1800s, controversy still raged as to whether miasma or a waterborne pathogen was the cause for cholera. answer. to. underlies traditional understandings of susto. It is one of the fastest growing research areas within anthropology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2006. Affecting primarily women, anorexia nervosa is associated with cultures that place excessive value on female thinness. The third basic theory of illness is the emotionalistic theory. Men, and sometimes women, dance around a circle of women who sit around a fire, clapping and singing. The term means ‘to engage furiously in battle.’ Symptoms include wild, aggressive behavior. Anthropologists George Foster and Barbara Anderson, who together with Khwaja Hassan, established the field of medical anthropology, identified three disease theory systems that explain illness: Barbara Miller (2011) outlines three theoretical approaches that attempt to understand health systems: The cross-cultural study of health systems is called ethnomedicine. Several times a month, the healing dance is performed to draw on the collective energy of the participants. Once this certification process is complete, the healing specialist can adopt the raiment of the professional healer, e.g., the white coat of the medical doctor. Western medicine is an example of which kind of disease theory? One example is the healing dance of Ju/hoansi foragers of the Kalahari. Health systems include cultural perceptions and classification of health-related issues, healing practices, diagnosis, prevention, and healers (Miller 2011). Boston: Prentice Hall, 2011. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference, 2010. However, it may also be due to a feeling of psychological or spiritual imbalance. The witiko spirit, which is a giant human-eating monster, eventually possesses the inflicted individual causing the person to acts of cannibalism and homicide. Park, Young-Joo. The germ theory of disease is the currently accepted scientific theory for many diseases.It states that microorganisms known as pathogens or "germs" can lead to disease. Amok afflicts males in Indonesia, Malaysai, and Thailand. Medical anthropology is the research area within cultural anthropology that marries concepts from biological and cultural anthropology to better understand health and disease among humans. One example is the healing dance of Ju/hoansi foragers of the Kalahari. Humans, Homo sapiens, are a special case in the discussion of evolution. In most cases, the candidate must show some aptitude. Claude Lévi-Strauss: www.egs.edu/library/claude-le...uss/biography/. In most cases, the candidate must show some aptitude. adj., adj psychiat´ric. What does he do? In order to understand the anthropological approach to health and illness, it is necessary to know the definitions of terms related to the topics. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference, 2006. Glazier, Stephen D. and Mary J. Hallin. Historical linguists. Health systems include cultural perceptions and classification of health-related issues, healing practices, diagnosis, prevention, and healers (Miller 2011). answer. Have questions or comments? 3. What constitutes payment is highly variable, from salaries to livestock. Early ethnomedicine studies focused on the health systems of indigenous peoples across the globe. 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