Geraniums are popular in cottage garden schemes and offer a long season of pollen and nectar for a number of pollinators, particularly bees. Method of Extraction and Plant Part: Steam distilled from leaves & flowers Country of Origin: China Believed to: roseum. Plant Family. Very Strong. Geranium sylvaticum Common name(s): Wood Cranesbill, Woodland Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Asia, Europe More infos: is also available in other blooming colors. Geranium sanguineum, commonly called bloody cranesbill or bloodred geranium, is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that typically grows in a mound to 9-12” tall with white-hairy trailing stems spreading over time to as much as 24” wide. It is an ivy-leaved geranium that has a compact form and grows vigorously. While mostly propagated by stem cuttings, from which flowering plants can be produced in four or five months, geraniums are also grown from seed. Marketing Information: Bench Card Download a Bench Card. Subordinate Taxa. These are primarily included because names of species … Deeply cut, palmately 5-lobed, dark green leaves (to 6" across). Type. Bloom Description: Pale pink, deep pink, lilac, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Geranium oil goes by the name Pelargonium Graveolens, while rose geranium oil is called Pelargonium Roseum. True to its name, the plant emits a strong minty aroma. Botanical Name: Geranium Height: 18 inches. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Foliage may yellow in hot summers if soil is allowed to dry out. Absent. Another common name is sweet-leaved geranium. It is native to Europe and Asia. Geraniaceae – Geranium family. Zonal geraniums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12. It is used chiefly in perfumes, soaps, ointments, and tooth and dusting powders. Watch for snails and slugs. Green semi-looper. Minty, fruity, floral, and spicy fragrances are released readily when their leaves are rubbed or bruised. This is one of the best recent Cranesbill introductions, excellent for long-season display and leagues better than older garden forms such as ‘Johnson’s Blue'. It is known for its beneficial effects on women's reproductive health and can be helpful in easing the tension associated with the stress of daily life. Several African Pelargonium species are commercially important for geranium oil, an essential oil used in perfumery. Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used as ground covers in warm areas. Tango's dark foliage is a consumer favorite, pair this with its wide range of colors and grower benefits and you have the ideal zonal geranium for small pots. The two plants were originally lumped into the one genus (genus Geranium), but in the 1780s, the genus Pelargonium was split from Geranium. You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. Double flowers and mixed colours as well as ragged or frilled petals are available. Geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum) make popular bedding plants in the garden, but they’re also commonly grown indoors or outside in hanging baskets. Common Method of Extraction. While you’re right on target with the scent, the flower is actually not a geranium at all. Leaves. Chrysodeixis eriosoma. Omissions? Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. Deadheading is tedious and probably unnecessary since plants usually do not repeat bloom. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. It forms a dense, weed-suppressing matt of green, deeply lobed leaves, from which small, nodding, white flowers with yellow centres appear on tall stems, from late spring to early summer. Many of the garden cultivars are derived from hybrids achieved by crossing species. Will naturalize in optimum growing conditions. Flower are broadly circular form with palmately divided leaves. roseum. Breeding and selection has resulted in a line of seed geraniums useful in bedding for their regular symmetry, elongated flower stalks, and habit of rapid and clean dropping of flower petals. Rose Geranium essential oil FANCY LATIN NAME: Pelargonium graveolens, var. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. Insect. “Rozanne” is the trademark name that the plant was marketed under, in honor of Mrs. Waterer. The botanical name is actually “Gerwat”, which stands for Geranium and Waterer. Cranesbill, or hardy geraniums, are perennial border plants with saucer-shaped flowers in shades of pink, purple and blue. Geranium botanical name is pelargonium graveolens, it includes around 422 species in their family. Steam Distilled. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Thin. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high) 3. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Impact (1 is very low - … Type : Annual, biennial, perennial plants. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. As a group, they are also known as true geraniums, perennial geraniums, or wild geraniums. Geranium L. – geranium. Rose geranium oil is also said to have stronger mood and hormone balancing properties, although there’s no scientific research to back up this claim. Ornamental Features. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly … Geranium Egyptian is a marvelous skin-balancing oil that can improve the overall skin complexion. Various types of Pelargonium are regular participants in flower shows and competitive events, with numerous societies devoted exclusively to their cultivation. No serious insect or disease problems. Plant Part Typically Used. They are easy to propagate vegetatively from cuttings. GERANIUM ESSENTIAL OIL (BOURBON) Botanical Name: Pelargonium graveolens L'Her. Plant name. Updates? The Plants Database includes the following 44 species of Geranium . Strength of Initial Aroma. Th… Although they are often grown as annuals, they may overwinter in zones as cool as zone 7. They’re easy to grow, thrive in shade and flower for months. ... No matter you would know botanical name ... Read More >> Flowers A to Z Want to know more information about the flower ... Read More >> Chrysanthemum varieties An important genus of... Read More >> Consistency. Family: Geraniaceae. Another name of geranium is 'cranesbills' it is due to their long and beak shaped fruits. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. WHERE IT COMES FROM: The organic rose geranium we use is from South Africa, where the Pelargonium genus originated, but it is also grown in northern Africa, China, and several European countries. The show, or Martha Washington, geraniums (P. × domesticum, largely derived from P. cucullatum, P. angulosum, and P. grandiflorum) have large pansylike flowers, few to the cluster. Botanical Name: Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) When you think of a rose geranium a sweet, light scent might be one of the first thoughts that comes to mind. Don't confuse them with the lovely bedding plants called 'geraniums', which belong to the genus Pelargonium and are much more tender (very few are hardy). A GUIDE TO GERANIUM OIL VARIETIES & THEIR BENEFITS . Can be grown on light shaded to shaded places. Hardiness Zone: 3b. Geranium arboreum. Roseum while “regular” Geranium is just known as The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly called geraniums. Geranium phaeum ‘Album’ is a fantastic cranesbill geranium, useful for growing in shade. Best in part shade areas of borders and woodland gardens. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Geranium, (genus Geranium), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Genus. Geranium essential oil and Rose Geranium essential oil both come from P. graveolens– they are just from different varieties; the full botanical name of “Rose” Geranium is Pelargonium graveolens var. It is an ivy-leaved geranium that has a compact form and grows vigorously. Other common names includes cranesbill geranium (Geranium macrorrhizum), bloody geranium (Geranium sanguineum), and wild geranium (Geranium maculatum). How to Grow Geraniums Depending on where or how you grow geranium plants, their needs will be somewhat different. Geraniaceae. A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. Botanical name: Geranium. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. Scientific pest name. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. Growing Information: Culture Guidelines. Zones 9-11. Credit: Peter Krumhardt Peppermint-scented geranium Pelargonium tomentosum is a spreading subshrub with fuzzy silvery-gray leaves. Current status in UK. Rust and leaf spot may occur. Order: Geraniales. Zonal, house, or bedding geraniums (P. × hortorum, a complex hybrid largely derived from P. inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. Plants in the genus Geranium are also commonly used in gardens, but are typically referred to as hardy geraniums or cranesbills.) This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/geranium-plant-genus-Geranium, Texas State Historical Association - The Handbook of Texas Online - Biography of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, geranium - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), geranium - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Clear to Pale Yellow/Green. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). fuchsias, geraniums, sweet peas, snapdragons, and a variety of bulbous plants including daffodils, irises,...…. Precision™ Red Ice Ivy Geranium. Middle. Origin / Native : South Africa. Geranium oil, which is also called pelargonium oil, or rose-geranium oil, is colourless to pale yellow-brown or greenish and has an odour like that of roses. Perfumery Note. Pelargonium graveolens / Pelargonium asperum. (Note: This page is about plants in the genus Pelargonium, commonly called geraniums or storksbills. Some of the more commonly grown species include: Series uniformity and a right balance of habit and vigor make it perfect for bench runs and multiple crop turns. Mass for ground cover. Prefers moist, humusy soils, but tolerates poor soils. Corrections? Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. Hawai'i red cranesbill. Sunlight: full sun partial shade . Here are common names of Geranium: Geranium in German: Geranie Geranium in French: Géranium Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. Rozanne Cranesbill has masses of beautiful blue flowers with white eyes at the ends of the stems from late spring to mid summer, which are most effective when planted in groupings. Noteworthy Characteristics. Most of the cultivated species are hybrids. Geranium, (genus Geranium ), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Geranium is often confused with its close cousin Pelargonium (florist geranium). The botanical name for the balcon princess geranium is PELARGONIUM peltatum (BALCON SERIES). Spacing: 20 inches. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. Aromatic Description. Rose Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, somewhat rosy and green. It is similar in aroma to Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens/Pelargonium asperum) but has a slightly more rosy fragrance. After 2 decades, this patent has expired in February 2019 (for the United States and GATT signatory countries). The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names. There are 5 petals in pink, rose to blue and white flowers. Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, fresh, sweet and slightly fruity. Geranium is identified by the botanical name Pelargonium graveolens and Rose Geranium’s specific botanical name is Pelargonium graveolens var. The plant grows 12-18 inches tall and wide, and bears small white flowers. Flowers give way to distinctive, beaked seed capsules which give rise to the common name of crane's bill.Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane.Specific epithet means spotted. Selected as the 2008 Perennial Plant of the Year. However, by that time the common name "geranium" for the florists plants was part of the public vernacular and it stuck. Growing geranium plants is easy as long as you can give them what they need. Foliage may decline after flowering in hot summer climates, at which point it may be lightly sheared back and shaped to revitalize. Other Names: Hardy Geranium. Statistics. Color. Botanical Name. Some hardy geraniums are evergreen or semi-evergreen and make excellent groundcovers - so don't cut back their foliage in the fall! The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in several species, including P. abrotanifolium, P. capitatum, P. citrosum, P. crispum, P. graveolens, and P. odoratissimum. The Plant List includes a further 378 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Geranium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. The cultivated geraniums of the genus Pelargonium are herbaceous to woody, with thick fleshy leaves varying in shape from round to lobed to deeply cut; the flowers, borne in terminal clusters, vary in colour from white through shades of pink to deep red and violet. Geranium 'Jolly Bee' (Cranesbill 'Jolly Bee') Common pest name. Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) under, in geranium botanical name Mrs.! Blue and white flowers, snapdragons, and bears small white flowers LATIN name: Pelargonium graveolens, rose. Average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade areas of borders and woodland.. Elementary and high school students and perennial herbaceous plants geranium botanical name are commonly geraniums... Across ) and probably unnecessary since plants usually do not repeat bloom is very high ).! And nectar for a number of geranium 411 are accepted species names newsletter get! 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