2019 Bougainville independence referendum. Bougainville has been through civil unrest in 1987 with PNG over the unfair profit sharing of the Panguna mine and later led to a peace process that begun in 1997 becoming an autonomy of PNG. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. Nevertheless, the landslide victory will put pressure on PNG to grant Bougainville independence. Bougainville wants more than a referendum overview at JSB Radio New Zealand 16:41 24-Nov-20. In late 2019, the people of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (PNG) voted in a non-binding referendum offering two choices: greater autonomy or independence. [3][7], In November 2019, Raymond Masono, Vice-President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, campaigned that he would plan to reopen the Panguna mine if the referendum resulted in a vote for independence. ABG was established in 2005 and … In the middle of Arawa town, a youth group from Rorovana stages a play for locals on what the voting process will be, even down to the detail of what a voting booth looks like. [24] On the same day, the December result was commended by the Referendum Commission to the governments and the referendum process formally closed. In Buka this morning, people turned up in numbers, dressed in their Bougainville attire with the Bougainville flag flying high as they waited for the polling to officially open. After Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia in 1975,[3] Bougainville was given provincial status in 1976. Bougainville Referendum Commission chair Bertie Ahern said on Tuesday the vote was conducted "in an environment that was conducive to a free, fair and credible process". According to the enrolment schedule set by the Bougainville Referendum Commission, phase two, which … [10] The referendum was delayed again to 23 November at the request of the Bougainville Referendum Commission to ensure the credibility of the referendum roll so more people can vote. Currently, the independence referendum is scheduled for 15 June, 2019. Communication is a challenge; there is no radio or television network that covers the entire population and just a few hundred copies of Papua New Guinean newspapers are brought from the mainland each day. Bougainville Referendum: Peaceful polling in Bougainville. Both governments said this delay would be the last. Bougainvillean filmmaker, Llane Munau said that when she spoke to many women in villages about the referendum they would respond “Em husait?” (Who is that?). Almost 98 per cent of the 181,067 votes cast backed … [14], In November, the BRC completed the official "certified voter list" to be used in polling for the referendum. And this has made me so happy. “I’m very happy that my dream to empower people in a way that is democratically appropriate has been achieved,” said Momis, emerging from the polling booth with arms raised. Seen a lot of injustice done, during the crisis … I am 65 years old and I’ve seen everything. The non-binding referendum, to ascertain a preference for either greater autonomy or separate statehood, was a promise enshrined in the 2001 Bougainville Peace agreement. The referendum is scheduled for June 2019, but the PNG premier says the criteria to do so have not been met yet. ”There were 829 polling stations; 800 in Bougainville and 29 outside Bougainville -Australia, Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Solomon,” he said. The referendum is a key part of a 2001 peace agreement that ended a civil war in which at least 15,000 people died in the cluster of islands to the east of the Papua New Guinea mainland. All rights reserved. Papua New Guinea/Bougainville (1975-present)", "Bougainville referendum: PNG region votes overwhelmingly for independence", "Bougainville referendum not binding - PM", "Bougainville independence could revive one of world's biggest copper mines", "Bougainville and Papua New Guinea set target date for independence referendum", "Independence vote delayed for Papua New Guinea's Bougainville", "Bougainville set to hold long-awaited independence referendum", "Bougainville 'very happy' to have Bertie Ahern involved", "Photo essay: Bougainville's historic independence referendum", "Bougainville independence referendum ends", "Question agreed for Bougainville's independence referendum", "Bougainville voters back independence by landslide", "Bougainville independence vote delivers emphatic demand to become world's newest nation", "Polls close in Bougainville referendum on independence from PNG", "PNG leader apologises to Bougainville for bloody 1990s civil war", "The celebratory Bougainville referendum – stories from Siwai", "Chair – Commends Referendum Result to two Governments", "Seeking Independence From Papua New Guinea, Bougainville Votes to Become World's Newest Country", "China has big stake in Bougainville independence", "Bougainville Votes for Independence From Papua New Guinea", "Congratulations to #Bougainville and #PapuaNewGuinea for a peaceful referendum process. Though non-binding, the expectation of the people throughout the three regions has been set and they will not settle for anything less. “The approach is very grassroots. The referendum was a result of a 2001 agreement between the government of Papua New Guinea and the Autonomous Bougainville Government that ended a civil war fought from 1988 to 1998. [2] However, no vote was held. One of these events is being held in Arawa in the days before voting opened. Tensions between Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the Autonomous Bougainville … “We are gathered here this morning in Bel Isi Park to ask you to bless the referendum. This demonstrates their readiness to actively and freely take part in the … Independence option wins in Bougainville referendum Three weeks ago we reported on Bougainville's independence referendum - a non-binding vote on whether to split from Papua New Guinea and become a separate country. The referendum is non-binding and a vote for independence would then need to be negotiated by leaders from both Bougainville and Papua New Guinea. The referendum result is non-binding and must be ratified by PNG parliament, but the country's new prime minister James Marape has said he would prefer Bougainville to stay within PNG. CANBERRA, Australia, Sep 29 (IPS) - Ishmael Toroama, a former revolutionary leader and fighter during the decade long civil war which engulfed the remote islands of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (PNG) in the 1990s, has been elected the autonomous region's new President ahead of high-level talks about its political future. The South Pacific islands of Bougainville have overwhelmingly voted to be independent from Papua New Guinea, the referendum commission said on Wednesday, in a historic poll that will embolden separatists as they start negotiating the terms of their sovereignty. Bougainville votes with more than 97 per cent in favour of independence from Papua New Guinea in an important post-conflict referendum. #AMBMcKee #Pacific", Elections and referendums in Bougainville, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2019_Bougainvillean_independence_referendum&oldid=993961163, 2019 in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Government of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, History of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Pages using bar box without float left or float right, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 12:20. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is deciding very soon whether it will secede from Papua New Guinea, achieve greater autonomy, or remain in the country. Phase three of the referendum roll update is the last opportunity for Bougainvilleans to register their names in order to cast their votes during the referendum in October. Although it is the last of the three phases of the enrolment stages, enrolment continues until August 16, when writs are issued. PNG and Bougainville JSB meeting going ahead this week Radio New Zealand 23:08 23-Nov-20. The Electoral Commissioner, George Manu, said the roll used in Bougainville's independence referendum late last year was being used as the working roll for updating.. Assistant returning officers, who were appointed this week, were now to … Rod McGuirk of Time noted that "the process of becoming a separate nation could take years to achieve. In order to spread information to people about the vote and the political process that will follow, not-for-profits have travelled through the islands conducting dialogues and putting on awareness-raising events. Celebrations as voting begins to decide whether the region will break away from Papua New Guinea, Wed 27 Nov 2019 22.39 EST The Bougainville referendum is a key milestone contained in a political settlement, the Bougainville Peace Agreement, which sought to reconcile a violent conflict from 1988-1997. The quiet streets and sombre procession are a stark contrast to scenes in this park the day before, which is the polling booth for Buka town, in a long-awaited referendum on independence from Papua New Guinea. Roughly 90% of people in Bougainville live in rural hamlets and villages. Back to Events. This site remains as an archive of all BRC public information regarding the conduct of the Bougainville referendum. May it be peaceful and successful,” says the priest. A non-binding independence referendum was held in Bougainville,[1] an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, between 23 November and 7 December 2019. In reality, the result of the referendum is non-binding, and ultimately the PNG parliament has to vote on whether to allow Bougainville its independence, something that could take up to a decade, according to some experts. We also bring to you an update on major reconciliations and declarations made by two constituencies in Bougainville. But we’re not independent yet. Papuan New Guinean officials were concerned that Bougainvillean independence would set a precedent for copycat secession movements in other provinces such as East New Britain, New Ireland, and Enga. But it has now lain dormant for 30 years as limited remnants of infrastructure, built by the mining company, stand forgotten and idle, with vegetation growing around it. The referendum is non-binding and a vote for independence would then need to be negotiated by leaders from both Bougainville and Papua New Guinea. NBC News -Patrick Makis (Buka) Related … BBC. Buildings, vehicles and boats are draped with the cobalt blue, Bougainville flag. Jonathan Barrett . A handful of taxi boats float next to the closed market. The … The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is deciding very soon whether it will secede from Papua New Guinea, achieve greater autonomy, or remain in the country. The outcome of the Bougainville referendum is subject to ratification of the PNG parliament, and although this may … The BPA declares that in the Constitution of the Papua New Guinea National Government and the Autonomous Bougainville Government, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville (ARoB) is guaranteed a referendum on Bougainville’s political future to be held amongst Bougainvilleans 10-15 years after the establishment of the Autonomous Bougainville Government. There is one subject that dominates the prayers in Bougainville today. UPDATE 1-Bougainville mining expectations rise amid peaceful referendum. This article is intended to highlight the key agenda in post referendum Bougainville and the type of leadership qualities demanded of the incoming President by the current situation in Bougainville. [3], An official reported that the referendum went "better than we expected," and that voters were enthusiastic,[21] while observers from Divine Word University said that the voting took place in an atmosphere of celebration. The effort required to conduct a vote like this in Bougainville has been “tremendous”, says Mauricio Claudio, the chief referendum officer of the Bougainville Referendum Commission (BRC), which has been set up to administer the vote. Arawa, one of the major townships in the region, was once the civic headquarters of Bougainville Copper Limited, which managed the Panguna mine, disputes about which sparked the crisis that led to the civil war. Observers have said that the clear result makes it difficult for Papua New Guinea to ignore or delay the result, but that independence could take years to achieve. “We have not slept, but did we think this day would come? Chief referendum officer, Mauricio Claudio, said as the … Toroama-Nisira government passes 2021 Budget. Bougainville Referendum Charter officially triggered preparations for the conduct of the referendum and established the Bougainville Referendum Commission as the body to conduct the referendum. For all the latest World News, download … December 23, 2020; Condolence message on passing of Late Sir Mekere Morauta, KGMC, MP. Papua New Guinea's Minister for Bougainville Affairs Puka Temu said, "the outcome is a credible one," but also stated that Papua New Guinea should have time to absorb the result. [3] The referendum would be non-binding, and the final say would rest with the Papua New Guinean government. The Bougainville Referendum Commission (BRC) formally wound up operations in accordance with its Charter on 31 May 2020. Panguna closed in 1989 due to the civil war and is now estimated to hold copper worth up to $60 billion. Scrutiny of ballots in Bougainville's historic independence vote is underway. The referendum will give the people of Bougainville the opportunity to express their opinion on the future political status of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, as guaranteed in the 2001 Peace Agreement. The Indian Express is now on Telegram. [25], Following the announcements of the result, John Momis, President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, said, "at least psychologically, we feel liberated." The referendum question was a choice between greater autonomy within Papua New Guinea and full independence; voters voted overwhelmingly (98.31%) for independence. [16] Males undergoing the upe rite of passage were allowed to vote at special male-only polling stations. Bougainville referendum: region votes overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea Jubilation at result but region faces long process … Bougainville hit the world headlines in 1989 when an indigenous landowner uprising against the then Rio-Tinto majority owned Panguna copper mine on Bougainville Island escalated into a civil war which raged on until a ceasefire in 1998. [28] China is seeking to incorporate an independent Bougainville into its Belt and Road Initiative. Margaret Kila, from Malasang, spoke through tears about how significant it was for her to vote in this election. Voters will be asked: Do you agree for Bougainville to have, (i) greater autonomy or (ii) independence? It is hoped that the analysis will assist voters in deciding the most suitable candidate to be the next President for Bougainville. The vessels have brought families dressed in their Sunday best for church from other parts of Buka island, some 700km off the coast of Papua New Guinea. "[26], Papua New Guinean Prime Minister James Marape acknowledged the referendum results and stated that he would only commit his government to develop "a road map that leads to a lasting peace settlement" in consultation with Bougainville authorities. world Updated: Dec 11, 2019, 11:55 IST Associated Press Discussions about an independent Bougainville had been held as early as 1968. The fortnight-long polling period for the autonomous Papua New Guinea region's non-binding referendum began at the weekend. Counting for the Referendum is expected to start today after all … A majority vote for independence is widely expected. These issues are further explained in the Referendum Update on pages 6-7. [19][20] Prior to the election, it was widely expected that the independence option would win,[21][12][22][3] with The Guardian reporting an estimate of 90% in favor of independence. Cave noted that, as with other Pacific countries, Bougainville will likely make pleas to Australia and New Zealand for assistance in developing its institutions while China and potentially the United States may offer diplomatic and economic partnerships once independence is achieved. [23], On 24 January 2020 the result was declared "Petition Free", confirming that no appeals had been received within 40 days against the conduct or the result of the referendum and that none could be accepted in future. Counting for the Referendum is expected to start today after all ballot boxes and papers are verified. These issues are further explained in the Referendum Update on pages 6-7. The referendum has been a long time coming. In reality, the result of the referendum is non-binding, and ultimately the PNG parliament has to vote on whether to allow Bougainville its independence, something that could take up to a … [17] Bougainvilleans living in other parts of Papua New Guinea, or in Australia and Solomon Islands, were also allowed to vote. … [6] As the referendum was non-binding, independence will need to be negotiated between leaders from Bougainville and Papua New Guinea. We applaud #Bougainville for positively upholding democratic traditions. The referendum is nonbinding, and independence would then need to be negotiated between leaders from Bougainville and Papua New Guinea. Bougainville continues to move forward in its referendum preparations despite the many challenges faced by our government. ABG was established in 2005 and … promised to the people of Bougainville as part of a peace deal reached in 2001. The Electoral Commissioner, George Manu, said the roll used in Bougainville's independence referendum late last year was being used as the working roll for … A television screen outside the market in Arawa is used to communicate updates on the referendum process (Photo: Ben Bohane/Wakaphotos.com) The ABC’s cessation of shortwave broadcasting to the region means it cannot play the role it did in the vote for East Timor’s independence. The Bougainville referendum will bring some closure to many who have suffered the cruelty of civil war. With independence, all of Papua New Guinea's interests in the mine would transfer to Bougainville, giving it a 60% share in all projects and retaining all mining licences. Public gatherings have been restricted to no more than 10 people, markets have been closed and for a … The Bougainville Referendum Commission has ramped up its awareness, sending SMS messages direct to people’s mobile phones. [15], Do you agree for Bougainville to have: (1) Greater Autonomy (2) Independence? Engaging in the referendum, despite it being non-binding, demonstrates the recognition of the importance of the peace process. We are doing this for our daughters and granddaughters.”. Polls on the Pacific island chain of Bougainville have closed to end two weeks of voting in a landmark referendum on independence from Papua New Guinea (). Photos copyright Ben Bohane/Wakaphotos.com Over the course of two weeks – beginning last Saturday – more than 206,000 Bougainvilleans, living in the region, on mainland PNG, in Australia and the Solomon Islands, will have their chance to vote to decide whether they wish Bougainville to remain within PNG but with “greater autonomy” or whether the voters will mark “box two” and opt to create an independent state. Papua New Guinea will seek to ensure a likely majority vote for independence in its autonomous … The ABG President Grand Chief Dr John Momis, was given … Currently, the independence referendum is scheduled for 15 June, 2019. Available for everyone, funded by readers. VOICE OF BOUGAINVILLE. We have people celebrating in the streets because they think that this is it. Agenda one (1) concerns the 98% Vote - The Bougainville people have overwhelmingly set the goal post for independence at the recent Referendum. Today's referendum is … On 23 November 2019, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in the South Eastern part of Papua New Guinea (PNG) will conduct a referendum on whether Bougainville will remain within PNG with greater autonomy or establish an independent state. Voters will be asked: Do you agree for Bougainville to have, (i) greater autonomy or (ii) independence? “In Bougainville, all our hope is in God.” She says. In the coastal town of Buka a solemn procession of people makes its way from the Catholic church to Bel Isi park, where worshippers kneel before a makeshift cross. Following a meeting in Port Moresby between the two Bougainville MHAs (Paul Lapun and Donatus Mola) and around 25 Bougainvilleans, a proposal was put forward in the House of Assembly to hold a referendum to decide whether the island should remain part of Papua New Guinea, join the Solomon Islands, or become independent. [3] One key issue of conflict was the Panguna mine, which was closed in 1989. Cars beeped their horns in the streets, as crowds – singing, dancing, cheering and playing pan flutes – followed the region’s president John Momis, to the polling booth to watch him as he cast the first vote in the referendum. Sir Mekere Morauta, KGMC, MP explained the referendum would be non-binding, independence will need to the. The vote was held commence soon after 20:25 24-Nov-20 one of polling for referendum. 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