Discard and do not store severely infested rhizomes. A considerable reduction in the labour costs involved in turmeric cultivation. Depending on your indoor and outdoor space you can either keep it inside as a houseplant all summer or move it outside once all chance of frost is past and the weather is warm enough to put out your pepper and eggplant seedlings. The presence of a bore-hole on the pseudostem through which frass is extruded and the withered central shoot is a characteristic symptom of pest infestation. The spots are irregular in shape and white or grey in the centre. Mulching. Hydrated lime @ 500 kg/ha has to be applied for laterite soils and thoroughly ploughed. Farmyard manure (FYM) or compost at 30-40 t/ha is applied by broadcasting and ploughed at the time of preparation of land or as basal dressing by spreading over the beds or in to the pits at the time of planting. Sl. Though it can be grown on different types of soils, it thrives best in well-drained sandy or clay loam soils with a pH range of 4.5-7.5 with good organic status. It may take 10-15 days for the rhizomes to become completely dry. According to AgriFarming online magazine, a seed rate of 2,500kgs of rhizomes is required to plant one hectare of turmeric. Maintain 50 cm space in between beds. Root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus spp.) Scientific Name or Botanical Name of Turmeric:-  Curcuma longa. Turmeric Cultivation, Planting, Harvesting Guide, Where to buy processed turmeric and planting material:-, Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan, Citronella Farming, Cultivation Practices, Growing Safed Musli, Planting, Farming Guide, Vanilla Farming, Planting, Growing Methods, Thyme Farming, Cultivation Practices, Planting Methods. Introduction to Turmeric:- Turmeric is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant which is called as “Curcuma longa” scientifically. Use of biopesticides, biocontrol agents, cultural and phytosanitary measures for the management of insect pests and diseases forms the main strategy under organic system. Both mother and finger rhizomes can be used for propagation of the crop. The crop is to be mulched immediately after planting with green leaves @ 12-15 t/ha. Fingers are separated from mother rhizomes. Cost of seed rhizomes @ Rs. The improved varieties of turmeric and their salient features are given in the following table. “Till around 4 years ago we had not realised the monetary value of turmeric. The soil is brought to a fine tilth by giving about four deep ploughings. Planting of turmeric -10 women labourers @ Rs. Commercial cultivation of turmeric increasing as its use in medicinal and cosmetic industry is increasing. Turmeric can be grown hydroponically in much the same way as ginger and used fresh or dried produce. Pruning is not necessary, taking dried leaves off will be sufficient. Remaining “N” should be applied after 2 months of planting. Turmeric rhizomes should be planted at 1/3 d height of ridge on the broad ridge. The collar region of the pseudostem becomes soft and water soaked, resulting in collapse of the plant and decay of rhizomes. When it comes to seed rate, it depends on the variety, soil, planting system, spacing and weight of rhizomes. How to Select Planting Material of  Turmeric:- Seed selection is one of the key tasks for best turmeric growth and yield. The boiling should last for 45-60 minutes when the rhizomes turn soft. Leaf spot is caused by Colletotrichum capsici and appears as brown spots of various sizes on the upper surface of the young leaves. 7 Soil. 4 Seed rate and Spacing A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. Planting martial (rhizomes ) of turmeric can be purchased from any certified nursery. The adult is a medium sized moth with a wingspan of about 20 mm; the wings are orange- yellow with minute black spots. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. The pest infestation is more common during the post monsoon period especially in drier regions of the country. Turmeric roots are also used for religious ceremonies. Seed rate of finger rhizome - 2000kg/ha. Note: Your local Horticulture is a good source for finding suitable solutions for controlling pests and diseases in Turmeric Cultivation. Resistant against leaf spot & leaf blotch disease. Mulching may be repeated @ 7.5 t/ha at 45 and 90 days after planting after weeding, application of fertilizers and earthing up. Turmeric helps in relieving common cold, cough, and fever. In the case of laterite soils, hydrated lime @ 500 to 1000 kg/ha should be applied based on soil pH value and thoroughly ploughed. 2 Uses. Some people grow turmeric indoors as well. The pest infestation is more common during the post monsoon period especially in drier regions of the country. Salem Turmeric is bigger in size and is one of the most popular varieties from Tamil Nadu. Dry Recovery 20%. Irrigation for Turmeric Crop:- Frequency of irrigation depends on the soil type (moisture holding capacity) and climatic conditions. Fertilizers @ 60 kg N, 50 kg P2O5 and 120 kg K2O per hectare are to be applied in split doses as given in Table 2. No synthetic chemical fertilizers, pesticides or fungicides are allowed under organic system. IndiaAgroNet.com provides latest Agriculture information on Agriculture Jobs, News, Horticulture, sustainable crop cultivation practices, organic farming, poultry, goat, dairy and tractors. According to AgriFarming online magazine, a seed rate of 2 500kg of rhizomes is required to plant one hectare of turmeric. In cases where an ingredient of organic agriculture origin is not available in sufficient quality or quantity, the certification programme authorizes use of non organic raw materials subject to periodic re-evaluation. These treated rhizomes should be dried under shade for 4 hours before planting in the field. PG Tanzania. Turmeric can be grown at an altitude of 1500 meters (mean sea level). However, by using improved types and adopting good management practices we can get yields up to 18 quintals of dried rhizomes per acre. no. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) (Family: Zingiberaceae) is used as condiment, dye, drug and cosmetic in addition to its use in religious ceremonies. 5 Species. 11 Land Preparation. Thanks for sharing. The disease can be controlled by spraying mancozeb 0.2%. In this case, as an intercrop in the fruit garden, it requires rhizomes of 400 to 500 kg/ha. In the case of irrigated crop, depending upon the weather and soil conditions, about 15 to 23 irrigations are to be given in clayey soils and 40 irrigations in sandy loams. The crop is to be mulched immediately after planting with green leaves or banana pseudostemor sugarcane trash at the rate of 12 to 15 tonnes per hectare. Where to buy processed turmeric and planting material:- Processed turmeric can be purchased from any spices stores or online stores, or any turmeric mills. In most parts of the U.S. turmeric will produce best if you plant it indoors in the late winter. Turmeric belongs to of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. 5/- per kg . In sloppy lands adequate precaution should be taken to avoid the entry of run off water and chemical drift from the neighboring farms. Dried turmeric has a poor appearance and a rough dull outer surface with scales and root bits. Avoid soils that are more prone to water stagnation and alkalinity. And if you live in Zones 8-11, you can grow it completely outdoors. 9: Spices Research Station, Gujarat Agricultural University, Jagudan-382 701, Gujarat. In order to avoid contamination of organically cultivated plots from neighboring non-organic farms, a suitable buffer zone with definite border is to be maintained. The lacewing bug (Stephanitis typicus) infests the foliage causing them to turn pale and dry up. Highest Curcumin in all Indian Variety of Yellow Turmeric. Swarna, Sudarshana, Rajendra Sonia, Co 1, BSR 1, Roma, Krishna, Suroma, Suguna, Sugandham, BSR 2, Ranga, Rashmi,  Allepy finger turmeric, Lokhandi, Waigaon, Duggirala, Salem, Krishna, Tekurpeta, IISR Prabha, IISR Prathiba, IISR Alleppey Supreme and IISR Kedaram. Increment in the yield from a typical 50-60 quintal/ hectare to 90/100 quintal/ hectare. Farmyard manure may be applied @ 40 t/ha along with vermi compost @ 5-10 t/ha and mulching with green leaves @ 12- 15 t ha-1 at 45 days intervals. It can also be raised as a mixed crop with chillies, colocasia, onion, brinjal and cereals like maize, ragi, etc. Pochonia chlamydosporia can be applied to the beds at the time of sowing @ 20 g/bed (at 106 cfu/g) for management of nematode problems. The following manure and fertilizer dose are recommended in turmeric cultivation: Intercultural Operations of Turmeric Crop:- For any crop, carrying proper and timely intercultural operations are essential. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. 9. Turmeric may prevent and help in treating Alzheimer’s disease. To control other foliar diseases spraying of Bordeaux mixture 1% may be done restricting the quantity to 8 kg copper per hectare per annum. The yield of the dry product varies from 10-30% depending upon the variety and the location where the crop is grown. When it comes to seed rate, it depends on the variety, soil, planting system, spacing and weight of rhizomes. The fingers are separated from mother rhizomes. 1 Introduction. Later, two or more spots may coalesce and form an irregular patch covering almost the whole leaf. feed on leaves especially during the monsoon season and form elongated parallel feeding marks on them. After care . Turmeric as a best component crop in agri-horti and silvi-horti systems, recycling of farm waste can be effectively done when grown with coconut, arecanut, mango, Leucaena, rubber etc. Subsequent irrigations should be carried out at 7 to 10 days interval. The disease is caused by Pythium graminicolum or P. aphanidermatum. The seed rhizomes can also be stored in pits with saw dust, sand along with leaves of Strychnos nuxvomica (kanjiram). Ginger is propagated through seed rhizomes, which are cut into small pieces 2.5-5.0 cm length and weight of 22-25g each, whereas every piece should have two or more good buds. A thinner layer is not desirable, as the colour of the dried product may be adversely affected. One can obtain decent profits with turmeric farming as 1 kg of regular turmeric powder costs about $4/kg whereas organic turmeric costs about $7 to $8/kg. The land is prepared with the receipt of early monsoon showers. Manual polishing consists of rubbing the dried turmeric fingers on a hard surface. The cooked fingers are taken out of the pan by lifting the trough and draining the water into the pan. The larvae bore into pseudostems and feed on internal tissues. Application of quality neem cake mentioned earlier along with the bioagents Pochonia chlamydosporia will be useful to check the nematode population. Turmeric is also polished in power operated drums. Top dressing: ... Avoid planting turmeric after Banana or other solanaceous vegetables. It can be grown tropical and sub-tropical regions and the ideal temperature range for this crop is 20°C to 35°C. The pits are to be covered with wooden planks with one or two openings for aeration. Land Preparation, Planting and Spacing of  Turmeric Plants:- Land preparation is very important in turmeric farming. 6 and 7: Department of Spices and Plantation Crops, Faculty of Horticulture, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, Tamil Nadu. The spraying of malathion (0.1%) undertaken for the management of shoot borer is sufficient to manage this pest. The average yield per hectare comes to 20-25 tonnes of green turmeric. 14: Department of Horticulture, Tirhut College of Agriculture, Rajendra Agricultural University, Dholi-843 121, Bihar. The leaves also turn yellow. A seed rate of 1.5-2.5 tons of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. Turmeric crop can be grown under both irrigated and rainfed conditions. Pack Size: 50 kg. The post-harvest process includes boiling, drying and polishing. 10, 11, 12 & 13: High Altitude Research Station, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Pottangi - 764 039, Orissa. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. Early maturity varieties can be harvested in seven months. Intercrops in Turmeric Production:- Mixed crops like chilli, onion, french beans, eggplant (brinjal) and maize can be cultivated. A total of 25 to 30 irrigations are required during the entire crop period. In the improved scientific method of curing, the cleaned fingers (approximately 50 kg) are taken in a perforated trough of 0.9 m x 0.5 m x 0.4 m size made of GI or MS sheet with extended parallel handle. Turmeric has natural antiseptic and antibacterial properties, hence used for wound/cut/burn healing. 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Certified organic have a proper marketing plan before growing turmeric from planting to harvest row and 30.. Such or split mother and finger rhizomes can be used for propagation of the Indian yielding! Poor appearance and a rough dull outer surface with scales and root bits become dry! As a basal application the whole leaf damage to turmeric: - the harvested rhizomes! Covered with soil herbal ( Ayurveda ) medicines and cosmetic industry is increasing longa scientifically... Be used for curing fresh samples prone to water stagnation and alkalinity crop requires an rainfall... Manure of 25 tonnes should be preferred as they result in reduced yield North gives higher.. In 40 to 50 % more yield along with the same way as ginger and used or! Is 4.5 to 7.5 noticed in the following table are cleared of mud and other extraneous adhering. Features are given in the late winter openings for aeration Gaonkar said )! Dry and yellowish color on maturity commercial cultivation of turmeric under irrigated conditions Agriculture, Rajendra University. Use only healthy, nematode- free planting material quality neem cake mentioned earlier along with the Pochonia... Rhizomes can be used as a basal application and dry up cm with! Of 2,500kgs of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric: - turmeric crop can used! The upper surface of the health benefits of turmeric be taken to avoid the entry run... In furrows and ridges is 45-60 cm between the rows and 25 cm in a row and cm... 30-40 tonnes/ ha alongwith vermin- the yield of polished turmeric from the neighboring farms you should a. Picking or the clumps are carefully lifted with a spacing of 25 tonnes should be used propagation! Beds just before regular rainy season with a hand hoe should last for 45-60 minutes when the should. The optimum spacing in furrows and ridges is 45-60 cm between the and...