Her hair held the same powers as her head so that when it was exposed it caused a storm which chased away the foes. Then Perseus gave the Gorgon's head to Athena, who placed it on her shield, the Aegis.[10]. Ceto and Phorcys’ offspring included Echidna (mother of all monsters), the Gorgons, the Graeae (‘the grey withes’ – three sisters best known for sharing one eye amongst themselves), and Ladon (a dragon that guarded the golden apples in the Garden of the Hesperides). Looking at forbidden mother (in her hair-covered genitals, so to speak) stiffens the subject in illicit desire and freezes him in terror of the Father's retribution. This presented Poseidon with a unique opportunity – he would be able to pursue Medusa as a love interest and assert his superiority as a more powerful deity. They scour the island for Medusa’s killer but they are unable to find Perseus because of the gifts that were offered to him by the gods. The story of Medusa and her sister’s transformation into the dreaded Gorgons is both tragic and insightful. Beastmate Info. [28], Feminist theorist Hélène Cixous famously tackled the myth in her essay "The Laugh of the Medusa." "From Gorgon and Ceto, Sthenno, Euryale, Medusa". In fact, she puts all blame for the incident on Medusa and decides to punish her by transforming her into a monster that will be undesirable. This part of Medusa’s story gives clear insight on the gods’ perspective of mortals – they are meaningless pawns in a game that existed before their birth and will continue to go on long after they are gone. Perseus then flew to Seriphos, where his mother was being forced into marriage with the king, Polydectes, who was turned into stone by the head. Less powerful ones, such as Hitomi Ishigamimust first "bite" an opponent with one of her snake-like appendages. [16], In the 20th century, feminists reassessed Medusa's appearances in literature and in modern culture, including the use of Medusa as a logo by fashion company Versace. A story of victim blaming, one that she says sounds all too familiar in a current American context. Cerberus' job was to make sure the dead stay within the gates and the living stay away from them. They argue that any woman who has recognizable power – especially power over men – is immediately criminalized and turned into a monster. Soon after Medusa became a priestess for Athena, she caught the eye of Poseidon. It was then that Pegasus was instructed to carry the lightning and thunderbolts on behalf of the Olympians. Euryale’s cries echo through the island – an act for which she becomes most famous in mythology. Thus, his mother is saved by the protective powers of Medusa. There are many things that have to be figured out in this situation. Most of what we know of Medusa comes from her short time serving in Athena’s temple and the way in which her head was used after she was beheaded by Perseus. As years go by, she becomes more and more vicious and vengeful. According to Hesiod and Aeschylus, she lived and died on an island named Sarpedon, somewhere near Cisthene. Author Sibylle Baumbach described Medusa as a “multimodal image of intoxication, petrifaction, and luring attractiveness," citing her seductive contemporary representation, as well as her dimensionality, as the reason for her longevity.[25]. Because of this, Libya is still full of poisonous vipers to this day. Feminists also like to point to the conditions of Medusa’s descent into the monster world as a criminalization of rape victims that is also typical of modern society. Upon his birth from the beheading of Medusa, he is said to have ascended to the heavens where he was greeted by Zeus. Perseus was told to kill Medusa by Polydectes. Medusa possesses the same Stonegaze ability as King Basilisk, allowing her to turn people and Titansinto stone. Athena’s) temple,[6] Athena punished Medusa by transforming her beautiful hair into horrible snakes. Energy Slash: The Medusa Beastmate can generate energy slashes from the Krisgon Blade. The word Mythology itself is derived from the Greek word “mythos”, meaning story of people, and “logos” which means speech. Teleportation: The ability to instantly teleport from one location to another. The classic version of Medusa, however, was something that Freud saw as an Oedipus-type syndrome and the decapitation of the monster was thought to represent castration and fear. Interestingly enough, Medusa’s story has also been adopted by Nihilists (one who believes that life is meaningless). Despite the death of Medusa, it is said that her head still had magical properties. Since Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was mortal, Perseus was able to slay her while looking at the reflection from the mirrored shield he received from Athena. Powers of the Greek Gods: ... strategic warfare had magical weapons and a shield called an aegis that depicted the head of Medusa, representing its great protective power. Inspired by the #metoo movement, contemporary figurative artist Judy Takács returns Medusa's beauty along with a hashtag stigmata in her portrait, #Me(dusa)too. Beth Seelig analyzes Medusa's punishment from the aspect of the crime of having been raped rather than having willingly consented in Athena's temple as an outcome of the goddess' unresolved conflicts with her own father, Zeus. The gods were well aware of this, and Perseus received help. Available from. Atmokinesis: The ability to control weather elements. Municipal coat of arms of Dohalice village, Hradec Králové District, Czech Republic, Ceremonial French military uniform belt of World War I, Medusa is honored in the following scientific names:[37], Classical Greek depiction of Medusa from the fourth century BC, The triple form is not primitive, it is merely an instance of a general tendency... which makes of each woman goddess a trinity, which has given us the. Combine that with her wicked personality and she was such a threat that the gods Zeus, Hermes and Athena all equipped Perseus with divine objects, the Adamantine Sword, … Medusa is a creature in Greek mythology, and one of the three Gorgon sisters, and was the only one that was mortal, of which any who gaze into its eyes will turn to stone. "[8] In the Odyssey xi, Homer does not specifically mention the Gorgon Medusa: Lest for my daring Persephone the dread, After being violated by Poseidon, Medusa is devastated. As Perseus headed home, the blood from Medusa’s head dropped on the plains of Libya, causing them to turn into venomous snakes. Their genealogy is shared with other sisters named the Graeae. However, the Greeks did note in their myths that Cerberus was a fan of sweet things like honey cakes and music, and this became his undoing; the great musician … "[31], Medusa has sometimes appeared as representing notions of scientific determinism and nihilism, especially in contrast with romantic idealism. Some versions claim that Medusa was swayed by Poseidon’s advances and developed feelings for him as well. She has difficulty reconciling with her new identity, but eventually comes to embrace her role and begins to take her vengeance on men as this is one of the only ways that she can attempt to get even with Poseidon. There are varying accounts of how Euryale and Stheno became the feared Gorgons we see in literature, though many sources claim that the two sisters were turned into monsters for the perceived ‘crime’ of standing with Medusa instead of being compliant with Athena’s decision to punish her for being ravished in her temple. The second is that because she lost her virginity to Poseidon (and is now pregnant by him) she is technically his wife according to the laws of the day. Among the many historical figures to become fascinated with Medusa’s story was Sigmund Freud. From Hades should send up an awful monster's grisly head. This shield is sometimes called a mirror and other times called a shield of bronze that was polished so much it reflected quite easily. There are several variations of the order of the events that come next, but the conclusion is always the same. 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